Ashura 1445H

When is Asshura 2023? 10 Muharram in Hijri Calendar

This year, Ashura falls on Friday, July 28, 2023 (in 23 days), corresponding to the 10th of Muharram, 1445 AH in the Hijri calendar.

Ashura, also known as Asyura, is an Arabic term that refers to the tenth day of the month of Muharram. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) used to fast on the day of Ashura because it is believed that on this day, Allah SWT forgives the sins committed in the previous year.

Most Sunni Muslims perceive the day of Ashura as a time of gratitude, as on this day, Allah SWT bestows many blessings and favors. Additionally, significant events in Islamic history took place on this day, such as the salvation of Prophet Moses (peace be upon him) and his followers from Pharaoh, as well as the survival of Prophet Noah (peace be upon him) and his followers from the Great Flood.

The first Ashura date in the Gregorian Calendar

According to the calculation I have made, Ashura began on Monday, July 29, 622 in the Gregorian calendar.

10 Muharram Date for 2023


Days to 10 Muharram 2023 / 1445 H

Friday, July 28st is day number 209 of the 2023 calendar year with 23 days 19 hour and 10 minute until Ashura / 10 Muharram 1445 H

List of 1 Muharram in upcoming years

Islamic EventsDateDays to Go
10 Muharram 2023Friday, 18/08/202317
10 Muharram 2024Tuesday, 16/07/2024372
10 Muharram 2025Saturday, 05/07/2025726
10 Muharram 2026Sunday, 05/07/20261081
10 Muharram 2027Tuesday, 15/07/20271435

What to Do on Ashura / 10 Muharram

First, fast on the day of Ashura or the 10th of Muharram.

The virtue of fasting on this day is mentioned in a hadith of the Prophet: "The Prophet (peace be upon him) was asked about fasting on the day of Ashura, and he replied: 'Fasting on the day of Ashura expiates the sins of the previous year.'" (Sahih Muslim).

Regarding the sins referred to in this hadith, Imam Nawawi explained in his book Al-Minhaj Sharh Sahih Muslim by Ibn Hajar that the sins mentioned are minor sins. However, fasting the sunnah fast of the month of Muharram cannot redeem debts, financial obligations, or return lost property.

Second, observe the voluntary fast of Tasu'a

Ibn Abbas narrated: "When the Prophet and his companions observed the fast of Ashura, the companions informed the Prophet (peace be upon him) that the Jews and Christians hold the day of Ashura in high regard. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, 'Next year, InshaAllah, we will also fast on the ninth day.' Ibn Abbas said, 'But before the following year came, the Prophet (peace be upon him) passed away.'" (Sahih Muslim and Abu Dawood). Therefore, we observe the fast of Ashura by adding one day before it, which is the day of Tasu'a, or the 9th of Muharram. It is recommended to fast for two days, the 9th and 10th of Muharram.

Third, increase acts of charity.

In welcoming the month of Muharram, it is recommended to increase our spending from our daily expenses for charity, to help orphaned children, assist family members, relatives, the poor, and those in need. All of this should be done without burdening oneself and with sincerity, seeking only the pleasure of Allah. Regarding this matter, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "Whoever expands their spending for their family or dependents, Allah will expand their provision for them throughout the year." (Bayhaqi).