Muharram 2023

When is 1 Muharram 2023? 1445 in Hijri Calendar

This Years, 1 Muharram is on Wednesday, 19 July 2023. Correspondent to Hijri Calendar 1 Muharram 1445 AH.

The 1st of Muharram is an important time for Muslims because it is also known as the Islamic New Year. The Hijri calendar used by Muslims is based on the migration of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) from Mecca to Medina more than 1444 Years ago. The Hijri calendar system utilizes a lunar-based dating system.

During this significant moment of the Islamic year, Muslims are encouraged to observe voluntary fasting and supplicate with dua (prayers) for the Islamic New Year, seeking protection and blessings from Allah SWT.

The first Hijri date in the Gregorian Calendar

According to the calculation I have made, based on the source from the "Kitab al-Tarikh" by al- Tabari, the Prophet's Hijra began on Friday, July 19, 622, in the Gregorian calendar.

1 Muharram Date for 2023

Wednesday, 19 July 2023

Days to 1 Muharram 2023 / 1445 H

Wednesday, July 19st is day number 200 of the 2023 calendar year with 15 days 22 hour and 10 minute until 1 Muharram 1445 H

List of 1 Muharram in upcoming years

Islamic EventsDateDays to Go
MuharramWednesday, 19/07/202317
1 MuharramMonday, 08/07/2024372
1 MuharramFriday, 27/06/2025726
1 MuharramWednesday, 17/06/20261081
1 MuharramSunday, 06/06/20271435

Muharram: Witness to Several Important Events in Prophethood

Month of Muharram bears witness to several significant events in prophethood, such as:

1. The repentance of Prophet Adam being accepted by Allah.

2. The ark of Prophet Nuh (Noah) coming to rest on Mount Zuhdi.

3. The liberation of Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) from the torment of Namrud.

4. The release of Prophet Yusuf (Joseph) from prison in the Kingdom of Egypt.

5. The expulsion of Prophet Yunus (Jonah) from the belly of the whale.

6. The healing of Prophet Ayyub (Job) from a severe illness by Allah.

7. Prophet Musa (Moses) and the Children of Israel successfully escaping from the pursuit of Pharaoh and his army, crossing the Red Sea.

8. Even after the era of prophethood, Muharram continues to witness the tragic event of Karbala, where Imam Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him) was martyred at the hands of Yazid.

Muharram: The Best Month in Hijri Calendar

The virtue of the month of Muharram, as mentioned in the narration by Imam An-Nasai, who reported a hadith from Abu Dzar (may Allah be pleased with him). He said, "I asked Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) during the night which part is the best, and which month is the best? The Prophet replied, 'The best part of the night is the middle of the night, and the best month is the month of Allah that you call Muharram.'" (Majma' al-Zawaid wa Manba' al- Fawaid, Nur al-Din Ali Abu Bakr al-Haitsami, 3/438).

What to Do on 1 Muharram / Islamic New Year

1. It is recommended for every Muslim to fast.

Fasting in the beginning of the month of Muharram is highly recommended in Islam. According to the opinion of several scholars, fasting on the 1st of Muharram is an absolute Sunnah. The month of Muharram itself is considered a month that is preferred for fasting, as mentioned in the hadith of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).

أَفْضَلُ الصِّيَامِ بَعْدَ رَمَضَانَ شَهْرُ اللَّهِ الْمُحَرَّمُ وَأَفْضَلُ الصَّلاَةِ بَعْدَ الْفَرِيضَةِ صَلاَةُ اللَّيْلِ

"The best fasting after (the fasting of) Ramadan is fasting in the month of Allah - Muharram. And the best prayer after the obligatory prayers is the night prayer." (Narrated by Muslim).

Reciting the Prayer for the Beginning of the Hijri Year

The Dua for the beginning of the Hijri/Islamic year is recited with the hope that Allah bestows mercy, protection, health, harmony, safety, abundance of sustenance, a righteous spouse, success in career, a good end in death, and various other blessings. Here is the recitation of the prayer for the beginning of the year.

اَللّٰهُمَّ أَنْتَ الأَبَدِيُّ القَدِيمُ الأَوَّلُ وَعَلَى فَضْلِكَ العَظِيْمِ وَكَرِيْمِ جُوْدِكَ المُعَوَّلُ، وَهٰذَا عَامٌ جَدِيْدٌ قَدْ أَقْبَلَ، أَسْأَلُكَ العِصْمَةَ فِيْهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ وَأَوْلِيَائِهِ، وَالعَوْنَ عَلَى هٰذِهِ النَّفْسِ الأَمَّارَةِ بِالسُّوْءِ، وَالاِشْتِغَالَ بِمَا يُقَرِّبُنِيْ إِلَيْكَ زُلْفَى يَا ذَا الجَلَالِ وَالإِكْرَامِ

"O Allah, You are the Eternal, the Ancient, and the First. Through Your immense favor and Your noble generosity, You are the source of hope. A new year has arrived, and I seek refuge in You from the temptations of Satan and his allies in this year. I also seek Your assistance in overcoming the inclinations of the self towards evil and engaging in what brings me closer to You. O Possessor of Majesty and Generosity, I beseech Your guidance so that my daily activities may lead me closer to Your mercy. O Lord, the Possessor of Greatness and Nobility."

Traditions of Ramadan

During this month, Muslims observe a strict daily fast from dawn until sunset. They are not allowed to eat or drink, not even water, during these daylight hours.

Ramadan is a period of introspection, communal prayer (ṣalāt) in the mosque, and reading of the Qurʾān. God forgives the past sins.